In the energy field, biomass is organic matter from a plant source that can be used as a raw energy source. The source of energy generating the best thermal efficiency remains in all cases the direct combustion of biomass.
Biomass meets the challenges of sustainable development and generates a circular economy. Replacing fossil energy sources with biomass contributes significantly to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In 2014, according to the international energy agency, biomass could provide 90.2 GW of energy, of which 370 TWh of electricity, or about 1.5% of electricity production worldwide.